16 September 1620: Weighed anchor. Wind E.N.E., a fine gale. Laid course W.S.W. for northern coasts of Virginia.
400 years ago, on this day, after seeing multiple delays and making unplanned stops at various ports to repair Speedwell, the Mayflower sailed out of Plymouth alone into the Atlantic, and into the pages of history books.
She carried 102 people – a motley group Separatists and Strangers – people seeking opportunity in the New World, 74 men and 28 women, and 31 children.
The Mayflower carried with the following food supply - Breadstuff's, including,-- Biscuits or ship-bread (in barrels). Oatmeal (in barrels or hogsheads). Rye meal (in hogsheads). Butter (in firkins). Cheese, "Hollands" and English (in boxes). Eggs, pickled (in tubs). Fish, "haberdyne" [or salt dried cod] (in boxes) Smoked herring (in boxes). Meats, including,-- Beef, salt, or "corned" (in barrels). Dry-salted (in barrels). Smoked (in sacks). Dried neats'-tongues (inboxes). Pork, bacon, smoked (in sacks or boxes). Salt [" corned "] (in barrels). Hams and shoulders, smoked (in canvas sacks or hogsheads). Salt (in bags and barrels). Vegetables, including,-- Beans (in bags and barrels). Cabbages (in sacks and barrels). Onions (in sacks). Turnips (in sacks). Parsnips (in sacks). Pease (in barrels), and Vinegar (in hogsheads), while,-- Beer (in casks), brandy, "aqua vitae" (in pipes), and gin ["Hollands "strong waters," or "schnapps"] (in pipes) were no small or unimportant part, from any point of view, of the provision supply.
(Source: Azel Ames, The May-Flower and Her Log).